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Writing a Bibliography

Article in an encyclopedia with an author

❶You can use the Bibliography Worksheet to help you, just print out a few copies and take them with you to the library. Did the material come from a blog?

Format for entries

This article is a part of the guide:
Writing a Biography - Some Examples of APA and MLA Format

Once you begin a new source, go back to the original margin. This is true even if they are listed that way on the source. Include the author's last name and first name, separated by a comma and ending with a period. Then the book title comes in italics with a period at the end of the title. The place of publication and the name of the publishing company are separated by a colon, and then a comma and the publication date. Parable of the Flower. Start with the last name and first name of the author, followed by a period.

Then the title of the article should be in quotes, with a period after the title but still inside the last quotation mark. The name of the periodical or book should follow in italics, followed by a comma and then volume and issue numbers and date of publication, all separated by commas.

Finally, a colon separates the date of publication the title of the article, the title of the publication, the volume and issue number, the date, and the pages of the source. A citation for that might look like this: Start with the author's last and first name if available followed by a period. Then the title of the article or project in quotes, followed by the title of the website in quotes.

Both titles should end in periods. Then the date of publication and the name of the sponsoring institution comes in parentheses, separated by commas. Finally, the date of access and the full web address ends the citation. For example, a website citation might look like this: Use reliable sources to look for the citations rules for other types of sources.

There are a lot of different types of sources you can use in a research paper. Use a reliable source to look up those citation rules. Create a bibliography page. There should be two lines spaces between the title of the page and your first source. Single space your entries, with a space in between. Each source should be single-spaced, no matter how many lines the source takes up. Put one line space in between each entry. Indent successive lines in the same source entry. If your source takes up more than one line, indent each successive line 0.

Then add a line a space between the end of that entry and the next one, which should start at the original margin. Then the article title should come in parentheses, with a comma at the end of the title inside the parentheses.

Then the journal or magazine title should be italicized, followed by volume number, and then the issue number. The title of the book comes next, in italics.

Then the city of publication, followed by a colon. The publisher and the publication year are then separated by a comma, and the whole citation ends with a period.

Write the name of the company or organization, the name of the web page or article, the date it was last modified, and the full web address. If a digital object identifier is available, use that instead of the url. Most DOIs can be found at the bottom of the webpage or at the top near the title information.

If you do have an access date, it goes at the end of the citation. Not Helpful 2 Helpful 4. It depends on the citation style you're using. There are many online style guides available that will explain in detail how to properly cite different types of sources. You can also use a citation manager, like Zotero or RefWorks, to automatically generate a bibliography in your preferred style. Not Helpful 5 Helpful 2. You will have to do some research to find sites you have visited earlier when you were getting to know that person well.

Never cite yourself as a source. Not Helpful 4 Helpful 1. Can you provide an example of a bibliography? Answer this question Flag as How do I enter a surname like: De Maurier in a citation? Is it Maurier, De.? How do I cite a person in a bibliography?

What if I don't know who the author of the bibliography is? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.

Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Science Buddies has summarized some of the most common MLA formats for your use: Science Buddies has summarized some of the most common APA formats for your use: Download and print the Science Buddies Bibliography Worksheet. Keep several copies with you and fill in the information as you do your research. When you are finished, type the information from the worksheet into a formatted bibliography using the examples listed above.

You can find this page online at: You may print and distribute up to copies of this document annually, at no charge, for personal and classroom educational use. When printing this document, you may NOT modify it in any way. For any other use, please contact Science Buddies. Log In Join for Free. Support for Science Buddies provided by:. Key Info Make a list to keep track of ALL the books, magazines, and websites you read as you follow your background research plan.

Later this list of sources will become your bibliography. Most teachers want you to have at least three written sources of information. Write down, photocopy, or print the following information for each source you find. You can use the Science Buddies Bibliography Worksheet to help you.

Collect this information for each printed source: Collect this information for each Web Site: Overview A bibliography is a listing of the books, magazines, and Internet sources that you use in designing, carrying out, and understanding your science fair project. Examples of Bibliography Formats There are standards for documenting sources of information in research papers.

Your teacher will probably tell you which set of guidelines to use. On the Science Buddies website we use the following guidelines: Sample Bibliographies Sample Bibliography: If you include Web pages, they should be in addition to the written sources.


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A bibliography is a listing of the books, magazines, and Internet sources that you use in designing, carrying out, and understanding your science fair project. But, you develop a bibliography only after first preparing a background research plan — a road map of the research questions you need to answer.

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A bibliography, by definition, is the detailed listing of the books, journals, magazines, or online sources that an author has used in researching and writing their work.

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How To Write A Bibliography For A Research Paper How to Write a Bibliography for a Research Paper. Writing a bibliography is easy by following the format outlined in this article. How to get started writing your bibliography. How to write a bibliography. These guidelines follow those of the American Psychological Association and may be slightly different than what you’re used to, but we will stick with them for the sake of consistency. Notice the use of punctuation. Publication titles may be either italicized or underlined, but not both. Books. Books are the bibliography format with which you’re probably most.

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For any research paper, writing a bibliography is essential to preventing any accusations of plagiarism, and to give fair credit to the work of previous authors in the field. Writing a list of references. At the end of all pieces of academic writing, you need a list of materials that you have used or referred to. This usually has a heading: references but may be bibliography or works cited depending on the conventions of the system you use. The object of your writing is for you to say something for yourself using the ideas of the subject, for you to present ideas.