However, the requirement of organs has simultaneously increased at a much rapid speed. Each one of us should come forward and register to donate organs after death. Kidneys, liver, lungs, heart, bones, bone marrow, corneas, intestines and skin are transplanted to give new life to the receiver. Living donors require undergoing thorough medical tests before organ donation. This also includes psychological evaluation of the donor to ensure whether he understands the consequences of donation and truly consents for it.
In case of the deceased donors, it is first verified that the donor is dead. The verification of death is usually done multiple times by a neurologist. After death, the body is kept on a mechanical ventilator to ensure the organs remain in good condition.
Most organs work outside the body only for a couple of hours and thus it is ensured that they reach the recipient immediately after removal. The demand for organs is considerably higher than the number of donors around the world. Each year several patients die waiting for donors. Statistics reveal that in India against an average annual demand for , kidneys, only 6, are received. Similarly, the average annual demand for hearts is 50, while as low as 15 of them are available.
The need for organ donation needs to be sensitized among the public to increase the number of donors. The government has taken certain steps such as spreading awareness about the same by way of TV and internet. However, we still have a long way to go. Its importance must not be overlooked. A proper system should be put in place for organ donation to encourage the same. Organ donation is the process of allowing organ or tissue to be removed surgically from one person to place it in another person or to use it for research purpose.
It is done by the consent of donor in case he is alive or by the consent of next of kin after death. Kidneys, liver, lungs, heart, bones, bone marrow, skin, pancreas, corneas, intestines and skin are commonly used for transplantation to render new life to the recipient.
However, certain organs and tissues such as a kidney, lobe of a lung, portion of the liver, intestine or pancreas can be donated by living donors as well. There are two types of consents when it comes to organ donation. These are the explicit consent and the presumed consent. Organ donations are legal as per the Indian law. The donor is required to fill a prescribed form. In case of a deceased donor, a written consent from the lawful custodian is required in the prescribed application form.
As is the case with the rest of the world, the demand of organs in India is much higher compared to their supply. There is a major shortage of donated organs in the country. Several patients are on the wait list and many of them succumb to death waiting for organ transplant. The government of India is making efforts to spread awareness about organ transplant to encourage the same. However, it needs to take effective steps to raise the number of donors.
Organ donation refers to the process of giving organs or tissues to a living recipient who requires a transplant.
Organ donation is mostly done after death. However, certain organs can be donated even by a living donor. The organs that are mostly used for the purpose of transplant include kidney, liver, heart, pancreas, intestines, lungs, bones and bone marrow. Each country follows its own procedure for organ donation. Here is a look at how different countries encourage and process organ donation. While certain countries follow the organ donation opt-in procedure others have the opt-out procedure in place.
Here is a look at the difference between these two processes of organ donation:. India follows the opt-in system when it comes to organ donation. In order to control organ commerce and encourage donation after brain death, the government of India came up with the law, The Transplantation of Human Organs Act in the year This brought about a considerable change in terms of organ donation in the country.
Spain is known to be the world leader in organ donations. It follows the opt-out system for organ donation. The need for organs in the United States is growing at a rapid pace. Though there has been a rise in the number of organ donors, however, the number of patients waiting for the organs has increased at a much higher rate. Organ donation in the United States is done only with the consent of the donor or their family. However, several organizations here are pushing for the opt-out organ donation.
Organ donation in the United Kingdom is voluntary. Individuals who want to donate their organs after death can register for the same. This is the only country that has been able to overcome the shortage of transplant organs.
It has a legal payment system for organ donation and is also the only country that has legalized organ trade. Organ donation is quite low in Japan as compared to other western countries. This is mainly due to cultural reasons, distrust in western medicines and a controversial organ transplant that took place in Most of the countries around the world suffer from low organ donor rate.
The issue must be taken more seriously. Laws to increase the rate of organ donation must be put in place to encourage the same. Organ donation has been encouraged worldwide. Exciting advancements are taking place, for the process of organ transplantation is an ever-changing procedure with new breakthroughs emerging daily. Since the first successful organ transplant, doctors have dramatically improved processes and recovery rates, making the procedure a routine treatment option for thousands of patients each year.
Despite the growing advances in technology and medicine, the demand for organs and tissue to transplant far surpasses the supply from donation. The incredible growth in transplantation is only advantageous with an availability of organs. Although the scientific aspect of organ transplants are no longer a limitation, social obstacles of organ donation result in the death of more than five thousand potential transplant recipients every year in the United States alone Harris.
In order to promote organ donation at the source and generate awareness, Zonal Co-Ordination Committee in Karnataka for Transplants ZCCK recently held the first of hopefully many training sessions for organ transplant coordinators in Bangalore, Karnataka India.
This five-day program was held to train sixty participants from and around Bangalore how to actively promote organ donation and counsel families of potential donors in hospitals in the area. Organized for medical and non-medical professionals, the training curriculum sought to equip anyone from doctors to social workers with the skills to identify potential organ donors, while promoting organ transplantation to families through counseling.
Although some transplant coordinators are already involved in some hospitals, ZCCK hopes this extensive training will provide every hospital with at least one well-trained and capable coordinator. Daniel Goldstein and Eric J. Johnson conducted research on the use and effect of defaults in the process of organ donation in order to raise awareness that vast advancements in organ transplantations could be made with a small change in public policy.
Their conclusions, in support with other research, provide evidence that a change in the default to donate organs in the United States could provide thousands of additional organ donors per year. Until such policy changes are implemented, our only hope presently is to develop promotion and education.
According to Tom Harris, many doctors and politicians suggest that legal and social change are the best options for promotion of organ donation.
Even though legal change can be timely, social change can spread like wildfire and be established by each and every one of us. We need the social change of added compassion that should be instilled in humanity, and although a change of heart may be a long shot away, we must set examples until then. As we strive for long awaited social change, we must first register ourselves. The process of becoming an organ donor is quick and effortless.
One such option is through state donor registries. By doing this, the name of a potential donor will be added to the donor list in the national system for organ donation. Above all else, however, wishes to donate must be relayed to family. Family consent at the time of death takes precedence over other indications, no matter how legal the documents.
A potential organ donor must ensure that his or her family is aware and intends to adhere to donation wishes at the time of death Harris. According to the U. Imagine a world in which every possible person was generous enough to donate their viable and otherwise wasted organs to those in need. Give the gift of hope, and become an organ donor. Organ Donation and Transplantation Information for Patients.
United Network for Organ Sharing, 04 Jun United Network for Organ Sharing, 21 Sep Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network. Health Resources and Services Administration, U. Goldstein, Daniel, and Eric J. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Canadian Medical Association Journal 12 July Health Reference Center Academic. Accessed September 14, We will write a custom essay sample on Organ Donor Persuasive specifically for you.
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Free Essay: Organ Donation Organ donation is a topic which contains many conflicting views. To some of the public population organ donation is a genuine way.
Here is your short essay on Organ Donation! Organ donation is the act of donating an organ by a person so that it can be transplanted by surgical procedure in the body of the recipient. Organ donation can benefit the recipient largely by improving health, quality and span of his life and even save [ ].
The Ethics of Organ Donation Essay - When viewing organ donation from a moral standpoint we come across many different views depending on the ethical theory. The controversy lies between what is the underlying value and what act is right or wrong. Organ Donation Almost everyone would want to be able to say, “I have saved a life.” By becoming an organ donor, you can be able to say, “I will save a life.”Organ donation is a selfless way to give back to others, and to be able to make a huge difference by giving another person a second chance at life as said on quick-facts-about-donation.
Organ donation does not interfere with funerals, even open casket ones. The body is clothed for burial so there are no visible signs of organ donation. Even if bones are donated there is a rod which is inserted where the bone was removed. Organ Donation Essay 3 ( words) Introduction Organ donation is the process of allowing organ or tissue to be removed surgically from one person to place .