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In Africa she began her lifelong habit of keeping a journal. Kingsolver went to DePauw University in Indiana on a music scholarship, but after realizing how scarce jobs were for pianists she switched her major to something more practical: She returned to DePauw briefly, graduated magna cum laude in , and then returned to France, where she lived until her work visa expired.

During those and the following years she earned her living variously as a copy editor, typesetter, biological researcher, and translator. She also became active in ecological and humanitarian causes, including the Sanctuary movement to assist Central American refugees. In her early twenties Kingsolver met Joseph Hoffmann, a chemist, to whom she was married from until Together they had one child, Camille.

Kingsolver sought a PhD in evolutionary biology but left academia in favor of a scientific writing position with the Office of Arid Lands Studies at the University of Arizona.

She later married Stephen Hopp, a professor of environmental sciences, with whom she had another daughter, Lily. Getting paid to be a writer gave her the confidence to begin freelancing, at first for local newspapers and magazines and then for such national publications as the Nation, the Progressive, the New York Times, and Smithsonian. Through her writing Kingsolver was able to bring together her love of science and her love of the humanities.

In , to her astonishment, she won a poetry contest sponsored by the University of Arizona and gave her first public reading. While pregnant with Camille, Kingsolver suffered from insomnia and as a result began writing a novel. She worked exclusively at night, in the closet of her tiny one-room cottage so she would not disturb her sleeping husband.

Her doctor suggested she do something undesirable, such as scrubbing her bathroom tile, so as not to reward her sleeplessness—but instead she stayed awake crafting The Bean Trees Within twenty-four hours of delivering her daughter she had a book deal with Harper and Row. Like many stories in the Western American literary canon, The Bean Trees is a narrative of self-renewal brought about by a journey west.

Self-named protagonist Taylor Greer leaves her Kentucky home in search of a new identity and an escape from what she sees as the inevitable future for a Pittman County girl: Unlike the traditional Western hero, however, what Taylor finds is not independence but dependence, not self-determination but strength in community.

In her next book, Holding the Line: Through idiomatic prose and compelling storytelling, Kingsolver creates popular fiction that presents strong opinions on contemporary America and its problems. The daughter of a country doctor and a homemaker, Kingsolver was born in Annapolis, Maryland, in and grew up in the rural and impoverished town of Carlisle, Kentucky. When she was in second grade her parents moved the family to the Belgian Congo, where her father worked as a physician for a year before returning to Kentucky.

In high school the shy and cerebral Kingsolver shared little in common with her rural classmates, few of whom went to college or moved away from Kentucky. She was a talented pianist and won a music scholarship to DePauw University in Indiana, later changing her major to earn a bachelor's degree in biology when she realized career opportunities in music were limited.

Kingsolver earned a M. She began a doctoral program at Arizona but left to take a job as a technical writer for the Office of Arid Land Studies. Later, she worked as a freelance writer and journalist. Much of her writing focused on social issues, including protest against nuclear power plants and drawing attention to human rights abuses in Latin America.

Kingsolver married chemist Joseph Hoffman in Its success helped her to complete and publish Holding the Line , a nonfiction work that she began prior to writing The Bean Trees. She continued to write and publish short stories, many of which appeared in Homeland and Other Stories Kingsolver divorced her first in husband in the early s and married ornithologist Steven Hopp in She lives with her husband and two daughters, Camille and Lily, in Arizona.

Kingsolver uses her writing to address social and political issues that are important to her. Her working-class characters generally suffer from sociopolitical ills and discover they cannot succeed alone—they must unite with others to triumph over the obstacles they face. Kingsolver's intricate plots unfold quickly, and she alternates points of view between characters, employing humor and witty colloquial dialogue to engage the reader.

Kingsolver frequently draws on her biology background to create parallels between the interconnections of the natural world and human society.

The Bean Trees traces the journey of Taylor Greer as she travels west from her small Kentucky hometown. Taylor wants to escape the limited opportunities in her rural town and to establish a new life on her own terms. However, she soon becomes the reluctant caretaker of Turtle, a Cherokee toddler who has been molested and abused by her family. Taylor takes a job at Mattie's tire store and she and Turtle room with Lou Ann and her son.

Taylor's political consciousness is raised when she meets Estevan and Esperanza, Guatemalan refugees who were tortured in their native country. As she becomes aware of persecution in the world and gains affection for her new makeshift family in Tucson, Taylor learns to embrace human connections and engineers an unorthodox plan to adopt Turtle.

Holding the Line began when Kingsolver covered the Phelps Dodge Copper Company strike in Arizona in the early s as a freelance journalist. She became intrigued by the stories of the families involved in the strike and used her interviews to tell the story through the eyes of the women family members. When the workers were forbidden to picket through a court injunction, the wives and daughters of the strikers organized and continued a female picket line.

Though the copper mines eventually closed down, Kingsolver recounts how a group of working-class women, most of whom were scarcely educated homemakers with little political awareness, united to change their circumstances and became empowered community activists with a new sense of self-worth.

Homeland and Other Stories features a title story about Great Mam, an aged Indian woman whose family takes her on a trip to see her birthplace. Great Mam arrives to find that the area has turned into a vulgar tourist trap and refuses to get out of the car. The protagonists of the other stories include a paroled kleptomaniac struggling to stay out of jail, a strike organizer who is jailed for her activism, and a young pregnant woman who reconciles with her pregnant mother. In Animal Dreams, Codi Noline returns from a lonely life in the city to her hometown of Grace, Arizona, to care for her father.

The story's point of view alternates between Codi, her Alzheimer's-stricken father Homer, and letters from Codi's sister, a human rights activist in Nicaragua. Codi forms an attachment with Loyd, an Indian man she dated in high school, and when she learns a nearby factory is polluting Grace, she becomes involved in the crusade to save the town's orchards.

Codi is accustomed to thinking of her sister as a hero, but by becoming involved in the community she becomes a local hero herself.

Six-year-old Turtle is brought to the attention of the Cherokee nation when she and Taylor help rescue a man who falls into the spillway at the Hoover Dam. As a result they appear on the Oprah Winfrey show, where Cherokee lawyer Annawake Fourkiller hears about Taylor's questionable adoption of the Cherokee Turtle and attempts to reunite her with her forebears. Taylor flees with Turtle but finally realizes she owes Turtle a connection with her heritage.

They return and work out a compromise with the Cherokees that allows Turtle a connection to her adoptive mother and the Cherokee culture. The Poisonwood Bible was inspired by the Kingsolver family's sojourn in the Congo in the early s. Kingsolver uses the six members of the fictional Price family to represent the different ways white people have viewed and affected the Congo.

Nathan Price, a missionary, brings his wife and four daughters from Georgia to the Congo in order to bring God to the natives. He arrives determined to mold the village natives in his own image, remaining completely oblivious to the values and nuances of the native culture.

Nathan represents the most reprehensible forces the West has brought to bear on the Congo. As Belgium and the United States drove the Congo into political and social chaos, so Nathan breaks apart and destroys his family.

Kingsolver shows Nathan entirely through the eyes of his wife and daughters, who narrate the story in alternating chapters. Nathan's wife sees that he is headed toward disaster but is powerless to stop him. Rachel, a self-absorbed princess, observes her father's errors but never moves beyond concern for her own problems. And so it came to pass that we stepped down there on a place we believed unformed, where only darkness moved on the face of the waters.

Now you laugh, day and night, while you gnaw on my bones. But what else could we have thought? Only that it began and ended with us. What do we know, even now? Look at what they grew up to be. Barbara, The Poisonwood Bible. Home Papers Barbara Kingsolver. This is just a sample. To get a unique essay Hire Writer. A limited time offer! Get custom essay sample written according to your requirements Urgent 3h delivery guaranteed Order Now. How to Write a Critical Analysis. How to Write a Thematic Essay.

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Small Wonder: Essays [Barbara Kingsolver] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The essays in this book are grounded in the author's beliefs that our largest problems have grown from the earth's remotest corners as well as our backyards. She feels that the answers lie in both these places to solve the problems/5().

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Barbara Kingsolver’s novel called The Poisonwood Bible beautifully illustrates the lessons learned in a journey that is both physical and metaphysical.

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The Barbara kingsolver is one of the most popular assignments among students' documents. If you are stuck with writing or missing ideas, scroll down and find inspiration in the best samples. Barbara kingsolver is quite a rare and popular topic for writing an essay, but it certainly is in our database. High Tide in Tucson: Essays from Now or Never [Barbara Kingsolver] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. There is no one quite like Barbara Kingsolver in contemporary literature, raves the Washington Post Book World/5(76).