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How to Write References on Essays

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❶No comma between name and year.

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A simple web search led us to the following pages which give you the information you are looking for: I am writing a document and refer to a specific paragraph in a sentence. I am writing a book and have referred to another book as an example; I am wondering if I need to do anything else to reference this book; at the moment I have written: The answer depends on which style guide you choose to follow.

We suggest you visit the Purdue Owl page on Research and Citation Resources , and select a style guide to follow. Titles of books are italicized. See our post Titles of Books, Plays, Articles, etc.: I am writing a short book and self-publishing. How would I list Notes or References at the end and citing on pages within the book? Each style guide follows different rules.

I am editing a compilation of articles to be published in a book. Such articles have already been published in local publications and I have requested the author to cite the date published and in what local paper. Is it OK to make this citation even if the version to be published in the book is not the edited version? Please ensure that your question or comment relates to the topic of the blog post. Unrelated comments may be deleted.

If necessary, use the "Search" box on the right side of the page to find a post closely related to your question or comment. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Enable JavaScript Uh oh! How to Reference Books and Articles in Text. April 4, , at 5: October 22, , at 9: November 28, , at 4: November 30, , at 6: November 20, , at 7: November 23, , at 7: April 18, , at 2: April 21, , at 9: May 13, , at May 20, , at 8: July 13, , at July 22, , at 6: August 20, , at 6: August 31, , at 3: October 20, , at October 22, , at 8: December 1, , at 3: December 6, , at 8: February 3, , at 3: February 7, , at 2: April 2, , at April 6, , at April 28, , at 9: May 3, , at 6: May 17, , at 8: May 22, , at 6: June 7, , at 4: June 14, , at 6: September 21, , at 2: September 26, , at 4: April 6, , at 7: April 17, , at 6: May 16, , at 9: May 24, , at 7: September 12, , at 8: As an example, the format for a standard book citation using MLA style is as follows: Last name of author, First name.

Publisher Name, Year published. An MLA website citation looks like the following. If there's no author listed, begin citation with the name of the page: Last name, first name. An MLA scholarly article citation looks like the following: Last name, First name. Write the title of the main work book, magazine, journal, website, etc.

Chapter or article titles should be in quotation marks. Place your list of references in order alphabetically by the authors' last names. Alphabetize by the first letter that appears in the entry, whether it has an author name or not. Format the Works Cited page. Double-space your document, and title this list of citations "Works Cited. Each entry should have hanging indent, meaning all lines below the first line are indented by half an inch. Make sure there is a period after each section of the citations.

A period should always end the citation. APA requires citations inside parentheses in the text of an essay, compiling them in an alphabetical References list at the end of a document. While you're writing an essay, it's important to cite information so that you avoid plagiarism a form of cheating. Place a parenthetical citation at the end of every sentence or group of sentences if you're using the same source for multiple consecutive sentences containing information you didn't know before doing research.

An in-text citation using APA will simply have the author last name or title if no author followed by the year it was published.

No comma between name and year. Richards Richards is the author last name, and is the year. If you have an author name or title if no author but no page number, simply use author last name or title. This is common when citing websites.

APA document formatting is very important. APA papers are divided up into 4 sections: Write down copyright information as you go for every piece of research you glean from.

Write it down for every source you look at with a note to jog your memory--you'll be surprised how many ideas you start to paraphrase, unable to remember where you got that idea.

To form APA reference page citations, you will need such information as author name s , date published, website URL, date you accessed the website, title of work, and so on. The list of references should be alphabetized and set to hanging indent, just like MLA style format. For example, the format for an APA reference of a scholarly journal article is as follows: Author last name, First initial. Article or chapter title. Journal or book title, Issue number , page number range.

Capital letter also for subtitle. The format for an APA website reference looks like: In Title of webpage or larger document or book chapter or section number. Retrieved from URL address. Double-space your document, and title the references page "References" at the top-center of the page. Put the page number all the way to the right, and a shortened version of the title of your paper all the way to the left in all capital letters.

Only capitalize the first word of a journal article title, unless the title contains a proper noun called sentence case. Titles of books should preserve the published capitalization. Capitalize the city of publication, and use correct state abbreviations for states. Also capitalize the name of the publisher and end the reference with a period. The title of larger works, whether a book, journal, website, or magazine, is in italics or underlined if handwriting , as is the issue number that appears right after the title.

Titles for shorter works like articles and chapters should not have any indicative punctuation in an APA entry. CMOS or Chicago utilizes two different of reference styles: Notes and Bibliography, and Author Date.

For Notes and Bibliography, you will use a superscript at the instance of each quote in the text with a corresponding footnote at the end of the page. All footnotes are compiled into endnotes at the end of the work, on the bibliography page. The full version of each parenthetical citation is listed alphabetically on the references page.

Simon Simon is the author last name, and is the year. You will need a citation directly after every sentence or group of sentences if you're using the same source for multiple consecutive sentences containing information you didn't think of yourself.

As you do research for your essay, take note of all bibliographic information that you see. If using a book, write down all pertinent information found on the copyright page, including the name of the publisher and the city and year of publication. Publication date is often at the bottom of webpages. Use Notes and Bibliography if instructed. The Notes and Bibliography NB method is preferred by scholars in the humanities literature, history, arts. NB is conducive to recording a wide range of sources in detail, which the Author Date system doesn't allow for.

Leave 2 blank lines between this title and the first entry, and one blank line between entries.

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Reference Page. Every essay that uses research and outside information must also include a reference page where the sources are listed. The reference page is a separate page that comes at the end of the essay and lists your sources in alphabetical order by last name of the author.

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To cite an essay is probably the most difficult thing from the point of view of style: all these periods, commas, different fonts can scare any talented student, even if the essay is well-written. But do not worry: we picked out the basic rules and described difference between such common styles as MLA and APA.

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This brief study guide aims to help you to understand why you should include references to the information sources that you use to underpin your writing. It explains the main principles of accurately referencing such sources in your work. Create a reference list at the end of your essay in the following format; Name, date, publication title (in italics), place of publication, publisher. Example: Morrison, N. (), The Art of Service Improvement: A Friendly Approach, 2nd edition, London: Routledge.

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Ways to Incorporate References in an Essay. Just as how there are examples on how to start essays, there are also a number of ways on how you can list down your references. The incorporation of references in your essay will depend on the format that you will use. Referencing the Essay Referencing is a system that allows you to acknowledge the contributions and work of others in your writing by citing your sources. A feature of academic writing is that it contains references to the words, information and ideas of others.