Transitions in reading and culture, and Joyce's messianism: Dante, negative existence, and the messianic self]. Modern Fiction Studies, 50 1 , A neuroprotective treatment target in Parkinson's disease. Often encyclopedias and dictionaries do not provide bylines authors' names. When no byline is present, move the entry name to the front of the citation. Provide publication dates if present or specify n. A Select Annotated Bibliography. Point readers to raw data by providing a web address use "Retrieved from" or a general place that houses data sets on the site use "Available from".
Indiana income limits [Data file]. Give the name of the researching organization followed by the date. In brackets, provide a brief explanation of what type of data is there and in what form it appears.
Finally, provide the project name and retrieval information. Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment. If an interview is not retrievable in audio or print form, cite the interview only in the text not in the reference list and provide the month, day, and year in the text. If an audio file or transcript is available online, use the following model, specifying the medium in brackets e.
Oral History 2 [Interview transcript]. When citing online lecture notes, be sure to provide the file format in brackets after the lecture title e. PowerPoint slides, Word document. Duality in consumer theory [PDF document]. Retrieved from Lecture Notes Online Website: Federal regulations of chemicals in the environment [PowerPoint slides]. List as much of the following information as possible you sometimes have to hunt around to find the information; don't be lazy.
If there is a page like http: When an Internet document is more than one web page, provide a URL that links to the home page or entry page for the document. Also, if there isn't a date available for the document use n.
Do not cite standard office software e. Word, Excel or programming languages. Provide references only for specialized software. Optimality Theory Software Version 2. E-mails are not included in the list of references, though you parenthetically cite them in your main text: Robbins, personal communication, January 4, Include the title of the message, and the URL of the newsgroup or discussion board.
Please note that titles for items in online communities e. If the author's name is not available, provide the screen name. Place identifiers like post or message numbers, if available, in brackets. If available, provide the URL where the message is archived e. New inventions in the cyberworld of toylandia [Msg 25]. Message posted to http: Include the title of the message and the URL.
When the self emerges: Is that me in the mirror? Online videos are cited similarly to the other types of digital media described above. However, because the creators of digital videos often go by pseudonymous screen names, this information is included after the author's name.
Title of video [Video file]. Here, the "author" is the person who uploaded the video file. The screen name should be spelled and capitalized exactly as it appears, even if it does not observe standard spelling and capitalization rules. If no author name is available, or if the author's name is identical to the username, leave it out.
In this case, do not put the username in brackets. Please note that the APA Style Guide to Electronic References warns writers that wikis like Wikipedia, for example are collaborative projects that cannot guarantee the verifiability or expertise of their entries. The purpose of documentation is to: Indicate the authors or sources of these in a References list at the end of your paper. This guide is based on the APA Manual 6th ed.
Why should you use RefWorks? One "click" and you can generate bibliographies in any citation style format. Import your references directly from databases, journals or the library catalog and avoid emailing or the need to save to a USB flashdrive. Makes collaboration easier during group projects allowing you to share your RefWorks folder of references.
You will receive an email from RefWorks confirming your login username and password Note: Himmelfarb Twitter Tweets by himmelfarbGW. Click here to automatically cite a Newspaper.
Year, Month Date Published. Newspaper Title , pp. Bills target Lake Erie mussels. The Pittsburgh Press , p. New York Times , p. Energy drinks promise edge, but experts say proof is scant. Fire and fumes can't drive Indians from hellish village.
How to cite an online news article in APA style. List the name of the publication in italics, followed by page numbers (where available) not in italics. Example: Micheli, C. (, April 20).
Precede page numbers for newspaper articles with p. or pp. If an article appears on discontinuous pages, give all page numbers, and separate the numbers with a comma (e.g., pp. B1, B3, B5–B7). Example (electronic version).
The APA newspaper citation has two components: the in-text citation and the reference list. This part will show you detailed explanation on how to write both the in-text citation and reference list with easy to follow guidelines, formats, and specific examples. APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in .