Characteristics of Puritan Writing. American Writers in the Roaring '20s. The 3 Stages of Chaucer's Work. Accessed 14 September Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name. References The New York Times: A Humorist's Confession Bio: Biography Sam Houston State University: The Mysterious Stranger Positive Atheism: Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert: They give very little in return, usually because they hardly have any idea what they are talking about.
Twain is weakest, as he freely admits, in dealing with the art and architecture of the old countries, and he is often surprisingly insensitive, revealing himself as vulnerable to the charge that he is occasionally as stupidly stubborn as his fellow travelers. Yet that revelation gives the book a credibility which helps to keep it from becoming a tedious listing of constant complaint.
It often breaks out into first-class description, particularly if Twain is moved by a scene, but its main line is that of slippery comic comment upon the discomfort of travel. The Holy Land, in particular, fires the greatest enthusiasm in Twain and some of the most pungent complaint, caused in part by the difficulties of travel in the barren landscape. The Christian history of that area is most interesting to Twain and his fellow travelers, but Twain, who usually maintains a pose of amused indifference, is enraged by the commercialization of the biblical sites.
From early in the tour there is a line of anticlerical comment which can become sharply splenetic, particularly if the Roman Catholic Church is involved.
He could be sharply disdainful of how his fellows flashed their money, their fractured French, and, particularly, their hammers, chipping away at any monument, however sacred, that might come under their hands.
Much of this is funny, and that was expected of Twain, but it can involve a strong satiric bite; Twain can be irascible. He is often very good at showing what the foreign landscape looks like, but what really interests him is how human beings live and what the political, social, and physical implications are of the long histories of great civilizations, now less powerful and somewhat tattered and torn.
Most to the point, he is fascinated by how people respond to tourists, how the experience seems to bring out the worst in both parties. He plays fair here, revealing that if the natives are often on the cheat, the Americans, acting thoughtlessly and sometimes stupidly, just as often deserved to be fleeced.
Its simplicity, lack of psychological density, and single-minded celebration of the joys of childhood are the reasons for its attraction and the affection with which it is remembered by adults who have not read it for years and never intend to read it again. It is the American dream of ideal childhood written with unmitigated joy. Much of its success lies with Tom, a child of lively curiosity with a mildly anarchic personality and an imagination fueled by reading and often misreading everything from fairy tales to the classics.
He is also a boy capable of disarming affection. His relationship with Aunt Polly, swinging as it does between angry frustration and tears of loving joy, is one of the memorable child-adult confrontations in literature. For all of his strutting imitations of maleness, he has no inhibitions in his courting of Becky Thatcher.
Twain has a rather crude way with feelings, but in Tom he found a character who acts out his emotions with a comic bravado that often saves the book from falling into sentimental excess. The Tom Sawyer confidence tricks are part of the folklore of American life. The famous fence-painting game has developed a life of its own that goes beyond the novel. Beyond the individual incidents of comic chicanery, however, the novel has a strength which is often not noticed because it is carried on with such ease: It has a complicated plot that comes seemingly out of nowhere and increases in dramatic energy from its inception until the very end.
Terrified by possessing a secret which they do not want, they vow to keep quiet, even after Muff Potter, a stupid, drunken companion of Injun Joe, is accused of the murder. The tale becomes complicated further as Tom and his friends return to their own funeral and Tom manages to get away with his nonsense, but the murder still hangs fire. At this stage in his career, Twain was most interested in telling the tale and in turning the simplicities of universal childhood play-acting into a tale of intrigue and heroism.
Everything that happens is probable if unlikely to happen. More to the point, Tom is not a morally perfect character. He is hardly the ideal child: He does, eventually, do the right thing, however, even in the face of the fact that he is still terrified of Injun Joe. Do not count on him being changed forever, however; one suspects that Tom is still susceptible to getting in and out of trouble for a long time to come.
The careful reader of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer will be able to watch the structure—the way Twain pulls the threads together; the way he puts on the dramatic pressure, then releases it, and puts it on again; the way seemingly separate occurrences come together in surprising ways and lead to the marvelous and dangerous discovery in the caves.
Tom and Huck become rich boys, but they are not yet tamed, as Huck will prove in his own novel in which Tom once again spins a marvelous yarn of sheer comic trickery. In The Prince and the Pauper , Twain brought together several of his literary interests. His interest in old European civilization, which had been so successfully employed in his travel book The Innocents Abroad and had been essayed again in A Tramp Abroad , is here focused on England, with emphasis upon life in London.
Twain also had wider ambitions for the novel, and he makes use of it to comment upon politics, social problems, and the relations between children and parents or, as often is the case in his books, surrogate parents.
The book is directly related to the fairy tale genre, and it starts simply enough with the unusual, but not impossible, idea that a London street urchin, who looks surprisingly like Prince Edward, is taken into the palace by the prince. They innocently change clothes, and the prince goes off to chide the guard who mistreated his new friend, only to be thrown out on to the street despite his claim that he is the prince. Then the real trouble starts, both for him and for Tom Canty, the beggar boy, for whom the danger is less physically obvious but potentially serious if he is discovered to be an imposter.
Twain then begins an interleaved narrative of the adventures of the two boys, both determined to get back their identities. However much they protest, they fail to impress and are considered mad.
Tom, sensing how precarious his situation is in the palace, goes about accumulating as much knowledge as he can about how he ought to act, hoping to wait out the absence of the prince. His task is complicated by the death of the king and the subsequent need for the prince to take a serious role in governing the country even before he is crowned.
Pleased in part by the comforts of his position, he brings his native intelligence and his guile to bear on the problem, but he is determined eventually to clear up the matter. The prince is always less flexible than Tom, and he never admits to anyone that he is not the royal child; indeed, he is determined to play the ruler even in rags.
Only the chance help of Miles Hendon, a gentleman-soldier home from the wars, protects him, and even Hendon has difficulty keeping the prince out of trouble. Hendon thinks he is mad, but he likes the boy and is prepared to be patient with him, hoping that in time, he will be drawn out of his madness by kindness.
Both boys, caught in radically different situations quite beyond their former experience, respond admirably, if the prince is always somewhat less agile in dealing with problems than Tom.
All the obvious problems of rags and riches are displayed, sometimes with comic intent but often with serious concern. Twain uses the switched identities for purposes beyond the study of character or comic confusion.
The parallels between the two, then, go beyond their physical resemblance. They are lively, strong-willed, imaginative boys who at the beginning of the novel are captives. Tom is terrorized by his criminal father. Edward, if in an obviously comfortable position, lives a sequestered life in the palace, dominated by the dying Henry VIII.
Tom dreams of a life of royal power and plays that game with his mates in the slums, then he is given his chance. Edward is also given his chance to meet his subjects, sunk in the squalor of poverty, class privilege, and legal savagery.
Both are freed of their fathers, one dying, the other disappearing into the criminal world forever, possibly also dead. What they do with their chances is central to the most serious themes in the book. What could have been simply a charming fairy tale becomes, as Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is to become later, a study of boys becoming men.
Ironically though, he lost almost all of his money through a series of very unfortunate events. During the time of the foundation of his publishing firm, he became very interested in a variety of investments. One of his main investments was a very modern and elaborate typesetting machine.
Also, incredibly, in April of , his publishing company declared bankruptcy. Thus, in January of , he found himself publicly humiliated due to the fact that he could not pay off his debts World Book Twain was at a loss, the only thing he could do would be to try his best to regain the fortune he had once acquired.
If anyone could do it, Mark Twain would be that man. By , Twain had all of his debts paid. He did this by continuing his writing and he set out on a world lecture tour. He lectured in places like India, South Africa, and Australia. Through this he paid off all of his debts.
When he came back to America, he returned as an international hero. He enjoyed this publicity for a while until tragedy started hitting his household. In , his oldest daughter, Suzy, died from meningitis and in , he sold his beloved house in Hartford where he had written most of his popular novels.
During the next year on June 5, , his wife died and his life fell apart. His youngest daughter, Jean, died on Christmas Eve, Mark Twain died of heart disease on April 21, at the age of Throughout his life, Mark Twain wrote many books, novels, and poems, most of which became somewhat popular and many became very popular.
His greatest work, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is considered an American classic although it has provoked some very heated controversy. One argument is its continual use of the word "nigger". Many say this is inappropriate language and shouldn't be put in front of the eyes of middle or high school age children but Twain does this to give a true sense to life in the south.
Critics both in the nineteenth and twentieth century have both strongly accepted and strongly rejected Huckleberry Finn. Huckleberry's careless grammar and casual morals disturbed readers of Twain's time and in , the Free Public Library in Concord, Massachusetts banned the novel World Book The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn will undoubtedly continue to be battered by harsh critics but will also undoubtedly continue to be an American classic. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer , the prequel to The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, was the first book that Twain wrote using the memories from his childhood.
Life on the Mississippi was also written from his memories of living on the bank of the Mississippi River World Book Some stories written by Twain were found after his death and were published.
Just recently, many people have come to know Mark Twain as more of a gloomy and pessimistic person rather than the American humorist that everyone knew him as. His later works, like "The Mysterious Stranger", although not accepted back in the early twentieth century, have now received much more attention as the general public is getting to know Twain's pessimistic side.
Research Papers research paper (paper ) on Mark Twain 6 page research paper: Samuel Langhorne Clemens, also know as Mark Twain, was born in and died in (Student Handbook ). He is best known as an American humorist. Research paper
1 Mark Twain Research Paper Mark Twain was a very inspirational man. He took moments of deep sadness and depression and made humor out of them to make the reader smile and make his books interesting. But what many people don’t know is that this man took many of the things that happened to him in his life and made books about it.
Free Mark Twain papers, essays, and research papers. Mark Twain, born Samuel Clemens, was a prolific author, essayist, lecturer and satirist known for his wit. As one of the most heavily quoted American writers due to his talent for cutting social commentary, Twain makes a meaty subject for research papers. Students can .
Samuel Langhorne Clemens, who took the riverboat depth-sounding name of Mark Twain, was a humorist who was really funny; he was also an agnostic, lecturer and satirist, and the author of literary works widely regarded as classics today. There's an immense field of possible topics about this Mississippi-born author; it. Mark Twain, born Samuel Langhorne Clemens in , put an astonishing number of words on paper. By the time of his death in , he had published more than thirty books and pamphlets, and easily three or four thousand newspaper and magazine articles.