The intent is to provide accurate references and citations without hindering the readability of the text and making it easier to type up or type set a manuscript. Numbered references to footnotes or end-notes have been eliminated in favor of in-text citations that identify the author and year of publication. The reference can then be located in the References at the end of the paper. In addition to this fundamental change, the APA style mandates an overall structure for a paper.
Create the format of the paper by setting up the Title Page and required formatting options. The word processor should be set up to show a header with the title of the paper all in upper case letters, flush left and on the same line the page number flush right. Margins should be set to 1 inch on all sides and all text should be typed in Times Roman or a similar font at 11 or 12 point.
All paragraphs should be double spaced. Write the Abstract as a single paragraph of to words that summarizes the research. This should include the initial hypothesis, an outline of the data and its analysis, and a summary of conclusions. Further investigations and implications of the research should also be indicated.
Reports of experimental results are the most frequent APA paper and they follow a standard format. Throughout this section, citations to other research should be noted by using the in-text citation methods outlined in the APA style guide.
If the reference is to the work as a whole then author and year of publication is used — for example, Murrell, A direct quote is referenced by including the page number, as in Murrell, , p. A research proposal in APA format should include a title, abstract, main body and references. APA format recommends that you type your proposal with a highly legible point font, such as Times New Roman.
It needs to be double-spaced. When you write a new paragraph, indent fives spaces or use the Tab key. Your paper should have a 1-inch margin on all sides. At the top of each page, insert a running head in the header. To format this correctly, write the title of your proposal in the upper left hand side and the page number in the upper right hand side.
Your running head is limited to 50 characters, including spaces. If you must shorten your title, select the keywords. APA style recommends that your title is no more than 12 words in length. All text on this page should be double-spaced. When listing names, do not include any titles or degrees.
The running head is different on the title page than the rest of your paper. In APA format, your abstract is the second page of your paper. Despite appearing at the beginning of your paper, plan to write your research proposal last. This is a brief summary of your entire paper. In a to word paragraph, state your problem, and propose a solution for it. Following a double-space, write your paragraph. Do not indent this paragraph.
APA Paper Components. Your essay should include these four major sections: Title Page; Abstract; Main Body; References; Title Page. This page should contain four pieces: the title of the paper, running head, the author’s name, institutional affiliation, and an author’s note. Create the page header/running head as described above.
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An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for a psychology class. As you review their paper. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
The American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guide was developed for use primarily in the social sciences for both research papers and journal articles. The intent is to provide accurate references and citations without hindering the readability of the text and making it easier to type up or type set a manuscript. The APA writing style has evolved through time and several changes have been adapted in response to the electronic information age. What follows are some useful pointers for those of you who have been asked to write a paper using the APA format. In general, your paper should follow these formatting guidelines.