Today, thousands of people are confident that seismologists could have predicted the course of events in Haiti. Yet, the reality is quite different. Notwithstanding the recent technological advancements, predicting earthquakes especially, in the long run is still far from possible. No, that does not mean that seismologists do not monitor tectonic activity.
Scientists have information and technologies necessary to make predictions about where on the landscape earthquakes are the likeliest to occur, but forecasting in the long term is problematic and rarely objective Kluger, During the 18th Caribbean Geological Conference in March , five scientists presented their paper, stating that the tectonic zone on the southeastern side of the island was a serious seismic hazard Griggs, The scientists had been increasingly concerned about the fault zone which, eventually, became the source of the major problems and the epicenter of the earthquake.
Professionals justify the lack of attention toward the report by the fact that such strikes and zones can remain dormant for hundreds of years Griggs, Given the difficulties which seismologists usually experience in the process of predicting earthquakes, the reliability of their reports is often questionable.
The findings presented on the Conference followed the study in the Journal of Geophysical Research, which reported an increased earthquake risk in the Septentrional fault zone near Haiti, not far from the Dominican Republic Griggs, However, because Haiti is fairly regarded as one of the most active seismic zones in the world, even the heightened seismic activity does not necessarily imply that the region is facing an earthquake threat: The Haiti earthquake was unique in the sense that it was not preceded by any evacuations or warning signs.
The earth in Haiti did not give any sign of a foreshock and did not send either a water or an electrical signal Kluger, Even the P wave equipment, which seismologists use to detect vibrations, did not display any changes in the tectonic activity in the region Kluger, People did not have a chance to foresee the events that would follow the first shake.
The earthquake stroke at The two cities closest to the epicenter, Port-au-Prince and Jacmel, experienced up to 7. The strikes of such intensity usually cause moderate damage to property RMS, The earthquake was not followed by a tsunami, and no tsunami warning was issued RMS, Seismologists tend to differentiate between the three different types of earthquakes.
The dip-slip-fault means than one clashing plate slides under the other Kluger, The reverse dip-slip fault implies that tectonic plates pull apart Kluger, The strike-slip is associated with a sideways grinding of the plates Kluger, The Haiti earthquake was of the strike-slip type, meaning that the two tectonic plates on the both sides of the fault moved in opposite directions — the Caribbean Plate went east, while the Gonvave Platelet moved to the west Physics Today, The more interesting and important, however, what people are likely to experience during an earthquake of the magnitude similar to that in Haiti.
A missionary from Haiti said: Another witness described the beginning of the earthquake as the rumbling of the ground underneath his feet: Local and state agencies in South Florida, together with the U. Several orphanages were destroyed in the earthquake. After the process for the adoption of children by families in the U.
Jasmine Whitbread, chief executive of Save the Children said: Rescue and relief efforts. Helicopters transfer injured earthquake victims to hospital ship USNS Comfort off the coast of Haiti Rescue efforts began in the immediate aftermath of the earthquake, with able-bodied survivors extricating the living and the dead from the rubble of the many buildings which had collapsed.
Treatment of the injured was hampered by the lack of hospital and morgue facilities: Rescue work intensified only slightly with the arrival of doctors, police officers, military personnel and firefighters from various countries two days after the earthquake. From 12 January, the International Committee of the Red Cross, which has been working in Haiti since , has been focusing on bringing emergency assistance to victims of the catastrophe, in close cooperation with its partners within the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, particularly the Haitian Red Cross and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
Running short of medical supplies, some teams had to work with any available resources, constructing splints out of cardboard and reusing latex gloves. Other rescue units had to withdraw as night fell amid security fears.
I have heard the estimate that as many as 20, people will die each day that would have been saved by surgery. Four other MSF aircraft were also turned away. We cannot accept that planes carrying lifesaving medical supplies and equipment continue to be turned away while our patients die. Priority must be given to medical supplies entering the country. Aid workers blamed U. The airport was able to support landings a day, up from the 35 a day that the airport gets during normal operation.
A spokesman for the joint task force running the airport confirmed that though more flights were requesting landing slots, none were being turned away. While the Port-au-Prince airport ramp has spaces for over a dozen airliners, in the days following the quake it sometimes served nearly 40 at once, creating serious delays. The supply backup at the airport was expected to ease as the apron management improved, and when the perceived need for heavy security diminished.
Airport congestion was reduced further on 18 January when the United Nations and U. By 14 January, over 20 countries had sent military personnel to the country, with Canada, the United States and the Dominican Republic providing the largest contingents. International rescue efforts were restricted by traffic congestion and blocked roads. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates had previously ruled out dropping food and water by air as too dangerous, by 16 January, U.
The small airstrip suffered damage which rendered it unusable for supply flights until 20 January. Over the first weekend , food packets and 70, water containers were distributed to Haitians, as safe landing areas and distribution centres such as golf courses were secured. There were nearly 2, rescuers present from 43 different groups, with search dogs; the airport had handled tons of relief supplies by the end of the weekend.
On 22 January the UN and United States formalised the coordination of relief efforts by signing an agreement giving the U.
The UN also urged organisations to coordinate aid efforts through its mission in Haiti to allow for better scheduling of the arrival of supplies. On 23 January the Haitian government officially called off the search for survivors, and most search and rescue teams began to prepare to leave the country.
However, as late as 8 February , survivors were still being discovered, as in the case of Evan Muncie, 28, found in the rubble of a grocery store. On 10 April, due to the potential threat of mudslides and flooding from the upcoming rainy season, the Haitian government began operations to move thousands of refugees to a more secure location north of the capital.
In response to the earthquake, foreign governments offered badly needed financial aid. On 14 January, the U. President Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal offered interested Haitians free land in Senegal; depending on how many respond to the offer, this could include up to an entire region. Port-au-Prince, according to an international studies professor at the University of Miami, was ill-equipped before the disaster to sustain the number of people who had migrated there from the countryside over the past ten years to find work.
After the earthquake, thousands of Port-au-Prince residents began returning to the rural towns from which they had come.
On 25 January a one-day conference was held in Montreal to assess the relief effort and discuss further plans. Ten percent of it has been delivered, mostly as forgiven debt. The rest is mired in politics and bureaucracy of more than 60 countries and organizations that pledged to help.
Status of the recovery. An estimated 26 million cubic yards 20 million cubic meters remained making most of the capital impassable, and thousands of bodies remained in the rubble. The number of people in relief camps of tents and tarps since the quake was 1.
Most of the camps had no electricity, running water, or sewage disposal, and the tents were beginning to fall apart. Crime in the camps was widespread, especially against women and girls. The Haitian government said it was unable to tackle debris clean-up or the resettlement of homeless because it must prepare for hurricane season.
We would ask them as soon as possible to give us the real houses that they said they were going to give us so that our situation could improve. Because the tents are torn, when it rains, rain comes in. We have very exemplary or a very indicative block, Block 6. Land ownership is a particular problem for rebuilding, because so many pre-quake homes were not officially registered.
In many cases land ownership was never officially registered. He went on to say that instead of diminishing, the number is on the rise. Also, he reported that the state has decided to first rebuild downtown Port-au-Prince and a new government center, however reconstruction itself has not yet begun. Gang leaders or land owners are intimidating the displaced.
Sexual, domestic, and gang violence in and around the camps is rising. Action is urgently needed to protect the basic human rights of people displaced by the earthquake. Jacksonian democrats may have viewed themselves as the defenders of individual liberty, but their actions against the native Americans, women, and immigrants suggests otherwise. Under the reign of the jacksonians the living conditions of the citizens went down and the political climate changed dramatically.
It became an era of one conflict after another, people were unhappy left to right, corruption was rampant and power when In January of , devastation struck the small country of Haiti. The earthquake caused massive damage to the buildings, left many people dead and injured, and there were many things Haiti did to help prevent such damage in the future.
Haiti is a small country that is located on a peninsula with the Dominican Republic. To the people of Haiti, the day of January 12, was just a normal day just like every other. Nobody was prepared for the tragic events that would leave a huge impact on everybody's lives.
This earthquake was about 6. The aftermath of the earthquake was fatal. This awful earthquake left over , people dead and 1.
Haiti earthquake essay A major earthquake desolated Haiti in January, 12 at pm. the magnitude of this earthquake was about 7 struck south-east of Haiti. This earthquake caused major damages affecting about million people.
Haiti Earthquake On January 12, , the country of Haiti was struck by a magnitude earthquake that changed the lives of people living across the nation. The earthquake struck Haiti before 5pm and was centered about 10 miles South East of Port-au-Prince, which is the capital city of Haiti.
Haiti After the Earthquake Essay - The effects caused by earthquakes are devastating. They cause loss of human life and have effects on infrastructure and economy. Earthquakes can happen at any time anywhere. In January 12, an earthquake of a magnitude of hit the nation of Haiti. Haiti Earthquake of - The Haiti Earthquake of was one of the most powerful earthquakes of recent history. It had a magnitude of This massive and destructive earthquake occurred on January 12, at approximately p.m.
The terrible earthquake that stroke Haiti on January 12th, affected around three million people, with between , and , dead (Physics Today, ). Measured 7. 0 according to the earthquake magnitude, the Haiti quake became the most powerful and the most devastating in the region over the last years (Physics Today, ). 7. Haiti Earthquake Essay Words | 9 Pages. Earthquakes have afflicted the world since its inception. The sudden release of energy from volcanoes or displacing of earth plates can result in disasters of extreme magnitude.