Civil rights leaders focused global attention on how the US was being hypocritical in terms of their own practices. By shaming the US on a global level, black activists found themselves using the Cold War diplomatic situation as a primary tool in achieving their own goals. Indeed, the international liability of such actions was communicated to black activists Romano, , Clearly, the main concern was that if the US did not respond favorably to racial domestic problems, then African nations would ally themselves with the USSR.
The fragile international situation provided the black activists with the tools and timing to implement their goals and pass their legislation. The importance of timing and delivery is clearly emphasized by the passage of the Civil Rights Act and other legislation. The right to vote and the ending of segregation was passed in sync to the peak of US diplomatic relations in Africa. Accelerated funding to African nations and the introduction of African leaders to Washington were simultaneously linked with the support the federal government offered to blacks who were being targeted for violence by state and local forces.
There is clearly a strong correlation that suggests that the US did indeed cave in to international pressures. By utilizing the United Nations and the mass media, black activists were able to draw attention to the policies and actions of the federal government.
Consequently, the relationship between the cold war and policies towards Africa is multifaceted. The global expansion of communism was an imminent threat to the ideals and values that dominated the US. As nations were following the socialist trend similarly to dominos falling in a line, the US was forced to act very aggressively in defending their ideology.
This meant that newly established nation states like the ones in Africa were the prime targets for both opposing camps. This forced a strong interest on behalf of the US policy makers in Washington to begin fostering diplomatic relations with African leaders and governments. The diplomatic approach that the US took was to offer aid and welcome African leaders into Washington. Indeed, this process did occur very aggressively throughout However, the racial situation domestically served as a schism in the strategic move to gain influence in Africa.
While riots, targeted violence and other non-democratic activities were going on, the black activists utilized this liability as a strong opportunity to change the status quot. Consequently, black leaders shamed the US and drew media attention to what was going on during the Cold War.
Federal officials had no choice but to succumb to these demands in order to meet more important demands like promoting democracy in a global setting. Thus, the relationship between the cold war and African policy becomes clear: The US engagement with African nations catalyzed an environment that allowed blacks to influence domestic policy such as the civil rights movement. Democracy and development in Africa. Council of Foreign Relations, Ultius Blog, 17 Apr.
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Copied to clipboard Click here for more help with APA citations. Copied to clipboard Click here for more help with CMS citations. It was in this way that the administration hoped to split China from the Soviet Union, however, there was no suggestion of how to exploit the rift if it should occur. In the next decade, this policy was loosely followed by subsequent administrations.
This was done by forming a number of alliances with states in Asia, this multilateral agreement would bring together states in a collective packed against communist development.
Vietnam was a French colony and the French had been fighting the guerrilla war there since when no agreement had been met over possible independence. From until the war ended in , the United States had been sending military aid to the French. This initial involvement would grow to an increasing to a large level in the s and s.
After eight years of fighting ultimately ending in a French defeat a truce was achieved, this was the end of French military rule in Southeast Asia. The Americans were unhappy with this new foothold for communism but powerless to act. A by-product of its increased focus on the policy of containment did however result in the later conflict in Indo-China. The American policies of containment such NSC and the American security treaties in the early years of the Cold War indicate that their policies were primary directed towards either reducing the strategic position of the Soviet Unions by either increasing Americas own power or splitting Sino-Soviet relations.
This would suggest that at this point the political system was still bipolar. The Soviet Union was the first to offer its support. The Soviets boycotted the United Nations in protest to the new government been unrecognised by the international community, and the two countries singed a treaty of friendship in At first, the relationship went well; however, by the mid s problems were beginning to emerge.
The Soviets failed to play anything but a minor role in the Korean War due to their policy of peacefully coexistence with the west. At this point China began to feel that the Soviet policy was merely a sell out to imperialism and difference in interpretation of communism were been drawn. In the late s the PRY was trying to develop its Nuclear defences, it was keen for the Soviets to share the technology and wanted a nuclear bomb as a prototype, however the Soviet Union refused to cooperate send a signal to Mao that China was not trusted.
By the mid s relations between the Soviet Union and the PRC were so bad that all aid to China had been stopped and all advisors withdrawn. In , China and India were involved in a boarder dispute and the Soviet Union declared itself neutral to the conflict, from this point onwards China and the Soviet Union took opposite stances in international issues.
The impact of the Sino-Soviet split was not felt straight away in the Asia-Pacific, nor did the United States who engineered the split know how to exploit it. The collapse of the Sino-Soviet packed divided the Communist world, therefore making it less appealing to other countries. The Sino-Soviet spilt reached its pinial in the late s when there was a fundamental change in the balance of power. The new status of China was indicated during the Vietnam War as the Soviet Union took the opportunity of reducing China influence by supplying arms.
In the early s, the problem of Vietnam returned to the Americans and the policy of containment and concerns about the growth of communism. This Action was taken and by , there were 15, American advisers in Vietnam. The Vietnam was considered a disaster for the United States and even resulted in the United States decline. The United States failed to take advantage of the Sino-Soviet rift, even though the conflict itself pushed the two even further apart. By , the United States was asking the Soviet Union to use it weight in the area and by , an understanding was reached with China on how to limit the wars escalation into a Sino-American one.
At this point, the established bipolar character of containment in Asia had run its course. China had emerged as a separate centre of power this can be traced back to the Korean War when China challenged both major powers Superpowers. The United State on the battlefield and the Soviet Union on its policy, this carried on until the late s with China continuing to challenge both Superpowers.
During the s and s the Cold War in Asia did take the characterises of tripolarity but, the United States and the Soviet Union remained the central Superpowers and their allies remained in place.
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Cold War Research Paper Free Essay Template. Free Essay Examples, Essay Formats, Writing Tools and Writing Tips. The Cold War was the period of conflict, tension and competition between the United States and the Soviet Union and their allies from the mids until the early s - Cold war research paper introduction. Throughout the period, the rivalry between the two superpowers was played out in multiple arenas: military coalitions; ideology, psychology.
Free cold war papers, essays, and research papers. The Cold War was a very complex war. Many ideas, conflicts and emotions were going on. This was a major turning point for the word war. War became a much more powerful word. However, this war did bring the people together to work at solutions like none other. We have learned from this experience.