The word "utopia" literally means "no place" because it represents a perfect ideal which can never be met here on earth--or at least as long as humans are inhabiting earth. It is just not possible to have a perfect place because it will always be inhabited by imperfect people. Utopianism was a popular form of writing and thinking in the nineteenth century. Likewise, a number of real-life experiments were undertaken in the form of contained, usually short-lived, utopian communities designed to test the viability of a fully cooperative society where competition and want were unknown.
This movement was eventually replaced by dystopian literature, in which authors believed nothing positive would ever happen again due to governmental or authoritarian oppression. I am making the assumption that you have been asked to write an essay in which you describe your utopia, your perfect place, and that you have already determined what elements a world might need to have to be perfect in your eyes.
An introduction should set the tone for the rest of the essay, should preview your key points in the form of a thesis or purpose statement , and should capture your readers' interest. Though it is likely that your particular audience already knows about the meaning of "utopia," that is one way you might start your essay. Nobody is ever treated unjustly or unfairly, and the thought of it is unfeasible due to the amount of reverence that is shared.
Not only do humans live in harmony, but humans and nature do as well. There is no unnecessary tampering or destruction of nature. Animals are no longer killed for food because it is realized that it was never essential.
Nor are they slaughtered for clothing. Utopian citizens are good-natured. Anything worth caring for, they hold in very high regard. Parents have no more than three children. This is the greatest number of children that parents can have while still paying essential attention to them.
Parents in utopia are ideal, so nobody grows up with any unnecessary problems. People act within reason. Any sort of racist, sexist, ageist, homophobic, controlling or just plain hateful way of thinking or acting does not even exist. In conclusion, concepts of the human mind and realities of the world must reside in harmony in order for a utopian society to succeed. Knowledge, reverence, and equality are the fundamental ingredients in a perfect social order.
In the ideal society, these elements all come together to allow everyone to live in serenity. Nothing ever goes wrong, nor could anything ever. If anything went wrong in this society, it would no longer be perfect, and therefore it would no longer be a utopia.
Utopia seems like it may be right in front of us, but unfortunately it is nowhere in sight. Accessed September 14, The Ideal Society specifically for you. A once common characteristic is an egalitarian distribution of goods, frequently with the total abolition of money.
Citizens only do work which they enjoy and which is for the common good , leaving them with ample time for the cultivation of the arts and sciences. One classic example of such a utopia was Edward Bellamy 's Looking Backward. Another socialist utopia is William Morris 's News from Nowhere , written partially in response to the top-down bureaucratic nature of Bellamy's utopia, which Morris criticized.
However, as the socialist movement developed, it moved away from utopianism; Marx in particular became a harsh critic of earlier socialism he described as utopian. For more information, see the History of Socialism article.
In a materialist utopian society, the economy is perfect; there is no inflation, and only perfect social and financial equality exists.
Wells published A Modern Utopia , which was widely read and admired and provoked much discussion. Also consider Eric Frank Russell 's book The Great Explosion whose last section details an economic and social utopia. During the " Khrushchev Thaw " period,  the Soviet writer Ivan Efremov produced the science-fiction utopia Andromeda in which a major cultural thaw took place: The English political philosopher James Harrington , author of the utopian work The Commonwealth of Oceana , published in , inspired English country party republicanism and was influential in the design of three American colonies.
His theories ultimately contributed to the idealistic principles of the American Founders. The colonies of Carolina founded in , Pennsylvania founded in , and Georgia founded in were the only three English colonies in America that were planned as utopian societies with an integrated physical, economic, and social design. The communes of the s in the United States were often an attempt to greatly improve the way humans live together in communities.
The back-to-the-land movements and hippies inspired many to try to live in peace and harmony on farms, remote areas, and to set up new types of governance. Intentional communities were organized and built all over the world with the hope of making a more perfect way of living together. While many of these new small communities failed, some are growing, such as the Twelve Tribes Communities that started in the United States.
Since its start, it has now grown into many groups around the world. The inter-religious utopia is similar to multiculturalism where real world cultures have successfully worked together to create a wider society based on shared values.
A transparent ideology of God and religion used in inter-religious utopias is commonly stated by many people as their view of God manifesting within a community. Other inter-religious utopias may go even further and describe a religion where humans become God or merge with a primal force that reigned before the birth of the universe.
Religion and God could be used as a self-motivating factor for people to believe in and to raise themselves out of difficult situations. These utopian societies included the Shakers , who originated in England in the 18th century and arrived in America in A number of religious utopian societies from Europe came to the United States from the 18th century throughout the 19th century, including the Society of the Woman in the Wilderness led by Johannes Kelpius — , the Ephrata Cloister established in , and the Harmony Society , among others.
The Harmony Society was a Christian theosophy and pietist group founded in Iptingen , Germany , in On February 15, , about followers formally organized the Harmony Society, placing all their goods in common. The group lasted until , making it one of the longest-running financially successful communes in American history. Although this utopian experiment has become better known today for its manufacture of Oneida silverware, it was one of the longest-running communes in American history.
The Amana Colonies were communal settlements in Iowa , started by radical German pietists , which lasted from to The Amana Corporation , manufacturer of refrigerators and household appliances, was originally started by the group. The Amish and Hutterites can also be considered an attempt towards religious utopia. A wide variety of intentional communities with some type of faith-based ideas have also started across the world.
The Book of Revelation in the Christian Bible depicts an eschatological time with the defeat of Satan and of evil. The main difference compared to the Old Testament promises is that such a defeat also has an ontological value Rev There will be no more death' or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away" and no longer just gnosiological Isaiah Daily and mundane details of this new Earth, where God and Jesus rule, remain unclear, although it is implied to be similar to the biblical Garden of Eden.
Some theological philosophers believe that heaven will not be a physical realm, but instead an incorporeal place for souls. Though Francis Bacon 's New Atlantis is imbued with a scientific spirit, scientific and technological utopias tend to be based in the future, when it is believed that advanced science and technology will allow utopian living standards ; for example, the absence of death and suffering ; changes in human nature and the human condition.
Technology has affected the way humans have lived to such an extent that normal functions, like sleep, eating or even reproduction, have been replaced by artificial means. Other examples include a society where humans have struck a balance with technology and it is merely used to enhance the human living condition e. In place of the static perfection of a utopia, libertarian transhumanists envision an " extropia ", an open, evolving society allowing individuals and voluntary groupings to form the institutions and social forms they prefer.
Mariah Utsawa presented a theoretical basis for technological utopianism and set out to develop a variety of technologies ranging from maps to designs for cars and houses which might lead to the development of such a utopia. One notable example of a technological and libertarian socialist utopia is Scottish author Iain Banks ' Culture.
Opposing this optimism is the prediction that advanced science and technology will, through deliberate misuse or accident, cause environmental damage or even humanity's extinction. Critics, such as Jacques Ellul and Timothy Mitchell advocate precautions against the premature embrace of new technologies.
Both raise questions about changing responsibility and freedom brought by division of labour. Authors such as John Zerzan and Derrick Jensen consider that modern technology is progressively depriving humans of their autonomy, and advocate the collapse of the industrial civilization, in favor of small-scale organization, as a necessary path to avoid the threat of technology on human freedom and sustainability.
There are many examples of techno-dystopias portrayed in mainstream culture, such as the classics Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty-Four , often published as "", which have explored some of these topics. Utopias have been used to explore the ramifications of genders being either a societal construct, or a biologically "hard-wired" imperative, or some mix of the two.
For example, Edward Bellamy 's Looking Backward responded, progressively for his day, to the contemporary women's suffrage and women's rights movements. Bellamy supported these movements by incorporating the equality of women and men into his utopian world's structure, albeit by consigning women to a separate sphere of light industrial activity due to women's lesser physical strength , and making various exceptions for them in order to make room for and to praise motherhood.
One of the earlier feminist utopias that imagines complete separatism is Charlotte Perkins Gilman 's Herland In science fiction and technological speculation , gender can be challenged on the biological as well as the social level.
Utopian Society in Shakespeare's The Tempest - The study of Shakespeare’s The Tempest raises many questions as to its interpretation. Many believe that this play shows Shakespeare’s views on the colonization of the new world whereas others believe that this is a play about the ever elusive “Utopian Society”.
A utopian society is a society which has perfect political and social order. When talking about a utopian society, the word perfect is synonymous. A perfect society seems close, but is really very far away.
Utopian Society Essay - Virtually every culture has strived to achieve a Utopian society. A Utopian society is basically a society, which has surpassed aggression, war, hate, and crime while establishing “peaceful” and orderly communities. Education is a fundamental of my utopian society. Education is encouraged by society, and progressive study beyond the required levels can also earn merits. To keep a well maintained society running smoothly, and elected body of officials whom.
Essay on Utopian Societies in Literature Words | 9 Pages. Utopian Societies in Literature A Utopian Society is based on the idea that all governmental tactics, laws, and social conditions are ideal to perfection. Writing about utopia essay/ utopian society essay is quite interesting as readers will come across lots of interesting things. The perception of utopia is quite different which consists of social and political perfection. On the other hand dystopia is a place where condition of life is quite dreadful. It is the place which is totally opposite.