Sigmund Freud was born in in Moravia, which was then part of the Austrian Empire and is now in the Czech Republic. He spent most of his life in Vienna, from where he fled, in , when the Nazis invaded. Neither Freud being Jewish or his theories were very popular with the Nazis and he escaped to London where he died in He had wanted to be a research scientist but anti-Semitism forced him to choose a medical career instead and he worked in Vienna as a doctor, specialising in neurological disorders disorders of the nervous system.
He constantly revised and modified his theories right up until his death but much of his psychoanalytic theory was produced between and Freud originally attempted to explain the workings of the mind in terms of physiology and neurology So he began to search for psychological explanations of these symptoms and ways of treating them.
In he spent a year in Paris learning hypnosis from the neurologist Charcot; he then started using hypnosis with his patients in Vienna. However, he found its effects to be only temporary at best and it did not usually get to the root of the problem; nor was everybody capable of being hypnotised.
Meanwhile Breuer, another Viennese doctor, was developing another method of therapy which he called the cathartic method, where patients would talk out their problems. Freud adopted Breuer's method and called it free association which became one of the three fundamental tools of psychoanalysis.
Freud began his self-analysis during the s and in published The Interpretation of Dreams, in which he outlined his theory of the mind, followed by The Psychopathology of Everyday Life , A Case of Hysteria and Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality Two of Freud's closest colleagues, Carl Jung and Alfred Adler, helped him form the psychoanalytic movement and the first International Psychoanalytic Congress was held in Salzburg in Freud compared the human personality to an iceberg.
The small part that shows above the surface of the water represents conscious experience ; the much larger mass below the water level represents the unconscious - a storehouse of impulses, passions, and inaccessible memories that affect our thoughts and behaviour. It is this portion of the mind that Freud sought to explore with the use of free association. Freud also believed that personality was composed of three major systems: Each system has its own functions but the three interact to govern behaviour.
The id is the most primitive part of the personality and the first to develop. It is present in the newborn infant. It is located in the unconscious and it is from the id that the ego and the superego later develop. The id consists of the basic biological impulses or drives: Freud also believed that aggression was a basic biological drive.
The id seeks immediate gratification of these impulses. Like a young child, the id operates on the pleasure principle: These feelings of shame and guilt become established in the psyche as the conscience. Peter was brought up in a strongly Presbyterian family. When he was a child, he attended Church twice every Sunday. The day was spent in silent contemplation, Bible study or discussion groups. The women in the Church dressed modestly, and expected their daughters to dress the same.
When Peter leaves home, and begins to experience aspects of the World previously forbidden to him, he may feel a certain guilt. He may also feel guilt. This feeling of guilt may or may not affect his decision making in future encounters with the demon drink. St Augustine and St Paul are accused of establishing a climate of sexual repression through their teachings about sexuality: St Paul writes at length about the correct setting for a sexual relationship — in particular he argues that marriage can be used as a safety valve for the sex-drive.
St Augustine provides a clearer example of the way that guilt can lead to a puritanical view of sex. During his early years, he joined a sect almost like joining a cult today. He travelled to Milan to study rhetoric, and took a lover she later gave birth to a Son by him.
However, he began to feel increasingly uncomfortable about his hedonistic lifestyle. He began to look for less physical answers to his feelings, and at a particularly low moment had a conversion experience. On his return to North Africa he was forcibly ordained Bishop of Hippo, and he began writing some of the most influential works in Christian literature.
Augustine also argued that the best relationship within a marriage was one of celibacy.
Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, in Freiberg, Moravia. His father was a wool merchant and his mother was a lively woman, who was twenty years younger than his father and also his second wife. Sigmund was his mother first child of seven and he had two older half brothers.
Sigmund Freud One of the most prominent figures in the twentieth century was the psychologist and neurologist, Sigmund Freud. Freud, originally aiming to be a scientist, revisited concepts from theories of major scientists and neurologists in the past to create more dynamic theories of the human mind.
- Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud was the first major social scientist to propose a unified theory to understand and explain human behavior. No theory that has followed has been more complete, more complex, or more controversial. Sigmund Freud Essay - Sigmund Freud is known to be one of the most prominent scholars on research and thoughts regarding human nature. Freud is acknowledged for establishing out of the box theories with dominant concepts that are backed up by good evidence. Freud’s arguments are quite convincing, but very controversial.
Below given is a professionally-written proofread essay sample on the topic of Sigmund Freud: The Life, Work, and Legacy of a Brilliant Mind. Essay on Sigmund Freud Words | 3 Pages. Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud, physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist and father of psychoanalysis, is recognized as one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century.