Industrialism created a system of uneven wealth in Europe. The nations that industrialized gained an economic advantage over those that did not. The industrialized nations competed for scarce resources in an effort to become more powerful than their rivals. In a quest for these scarce resources, industrial powers sought to establish colonies in order to fuel their industries.
By the late 's, this theater was on the continent of Africa. Disputes over boundaries and lands in Africa threatened to plunge Europe into war during this period. This rivalry for resources, economic prosperity, and nationalist glory ultimately led to World War I. In an effort to protect themselves from aggression, industrial nations formed alliances with their primary trade partners. These alliances insured that a minor dispute between two countries could result in a continental war.
An agreement for both powers to consult each other if either powers were at war with a third nation. In , this agreement was solidified at the Franco-Russian Military Convention. Should France or Russia be attacked by Germany, Italy or Austria-Hungary, or should the Triple Alliance powers mobilize for war, military assistance would be provided. Brought France and Russia closer together and set the stage for the Triple Entente. The Anglo-Japanese Alliance of , was primarily directed against the potential shared menace posed, it was believed, by France and Russia in the Far East.
To maintain neutrality if the other power was at war unless faced with two or more powers; then military aid would be provided. Did NOT commit either power to military aid of the other in the time of war but it did offer diplomatic co-operation. It was this moral obligation along with the Treaty of London which promised British defense of Belgian neutrality that drew Britain into war.
Emergence caused by the determination of Wilhelm II to expand as a European colonial power in the pacific and Africa. In order to expand and protect its empire, Germany needed a large navy. Comments 0 Please log in to add your comment. After Germany's and Frances battle they were in competition to see who could build a larger army. They both began to store their weapons such as: The Europeans split up into two hostile camps by the 's.
What caused World War 1? The four main long and one short term causes of World War 1. The European powers were always fighting towards new territory to enhance their homeland.
Extreme nationalism caused overseas colonies to be fueled and heated. Having an overseas army is considered national pride.
Whenever a european nation concerted new land they were one step ahead towards economic domination. Imperialism Imperialism was a long term cause and it is when one nations authority over another land is controlled by economic, political or the military.
The race between Germany and the British was mainly driven by economics. European nations would be in battle about faraway colonies for more areas to store raw materials and selling manufacturing goods. Britain's Queen Victoria ruled the largest empire over 9 places and colonies. Britain's navy retained their existing colonies to seize new ones. Militarism A short term cause was Militarism, it is creating military forces and weaponry defending armed forces.
It began when Britain and Germany spent one million dollars on weaponry and building armies.
A long-term cause of World War 1, European dominance all over Africa and Asia caused colonial rivalries and tension between them. Originally practiced for economic reasons, a mixture of Social Darwinistic belief and nationalism turned this into a .
Militarism is a philosophy or system that places great importance on military power. Alfred Vagts, a German historian who served in World War I, defined militarism as the “domination of the military man over the civilian, an undue preponderance of military demands, an emphasis on military considerations”.
There were five main causes of World War 1 which can be divided into two categories: long term causes; such as nationalism and imperialism, and short term causes; such as rise of militarily, alliances created and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Long Term Cause: Nationalism Nationalism in the early s causes competition . Oscar Morland gives an excellent outline of the long term causes, but I think the short term (or perhaps medium term, in a way) could do with a tad more detail. Specifically: The dominant military model of the times was that of the Levee en Masse.
(Humanities Alive 4, pp ) All the long term causes of the Great War were significant but perhaps the most noteworthy was militarism, which is the development of large and powerful military forces. In the early 20th century Germany had the strongest and largest army in the world. Long and Short Term Causes of WWI There were several long-term events that led to the outbreak of World War One. The most prominent factors include: nationalism, militarism, imperialism, the Balkan and Morocco crises, and the alliance system. Ironically, these things were either started in response to, or upheld because of, one of the other factors.